Who is a “Batri”?

 

سعد بن جناح الكشي، قال: حدثني علي بن محمد بن يزيد القمي عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن الحسين بن سعيد، عن فضالة بن أيوب عن الحسين بن عثمان الرواسي، عن سدير، قال: دخلت على ابي جعفر عليه السلام ومعي سلمة بن كهيل، وأبو المقدام ثابت الحداد، وسالم بن أبي حفصة، وكثير النواء، وجماعة معهم، وعند أبي جعفر عليه السلام أخوه زيد بن علي عليهم السلام فقالوا لابي جعفر عليه السلام نتولي عليا وحسنا وحسينا ونتبرأ من أعداهم ! قال: نعم. قالوا: نتولي ابا بكر وعمر ونتبرأ من اعدائهم ! قال: فالتفت إليهم زيد بن علي قال: لهم اتتبرؤن من فاطمة بترتم أمرنا بتركم الله، فيومئذ سموا البترية
 

al-Kashi narrated: Sad b. Jannāh narrated to me. He said: Alī b. Muhammad b. Yazīd al-Qummī narrated to me from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Īsā from al-Husayn b. Saīd from Fadāla b. Ayyūb from al-Husayn b. Uthmān al-Ruwāsī from Sadīr. He said:

I entered upon Abī Jafar (as) and with me was Salma b. Kuhayl and Abū al-Miqadām al-Haddād and Sālim b. Abī Hafsa and Kathīr al-Nawā and a from with them and with Abī Jafar (as) was his brother Zayd b. Alī.

So they said to Abī Jafar: We hold to wilāya of Ali (as), Hasan (as), and Husayn (as) and dissociate ourselves from their enemies! He (as) said: Yes. They said: We hold to the wilāya of Abī Bakr and Umar and we dissociate ourselves from their enemies! Then Zayd b. Ali turned to them and said to them: Do you dissociate yourselves from Fātima (sa)  ?! You have mutilated our affair! Allah mutilate you! So from that day they were named the “Batriyya” (those of mutilation)
[Source: Rijaal al-Kashi, Pg. 205]
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