Musa gets to meet pharaoh Part 2
Alhamdulilah… We will continue from where we stopped in Surah Al-Shuara… May Allah help me deliver it in the best of ways.
Pharaoh is now testing Musa’s resolve, He challenges the character of Musa, implying that Musa is disloyal, Ungrateful… That musa is denying the goodness that has been shown to him.
Then He tries to intimidate Musa by referring to the crime committed by Musa, The Accusations are as follows:
i. We raised you as a boy
ii. You lived with us for many years
iii. You committed a crime…
The most serious of these accusations is that Musa had committed a crime so Musa addresses that first… Musa response is as follows
Ayat 20 and 21
قَالَ فَعَلۡتُهَآ إِذً۬ا وَأَنَا۟ مِنَ ٱلضَّآلِّينَ (٢٠
فَفَرَرۡتُ مِنكُمۡ لَمَّا خِفۡتُكُمۡ فَوَهَبَ لِى رَبِّى حُكۡمً۬ا وَجَعَلَنِى مِنَ ٱلۡمُرۡسَلِينَ (٢١
20. Qala faAAaltuha ithan waana mina alddalleena
21. Fafarartu minkum lamma khiftukum fawahaba lee rabbee hukman wajaAAalanee mina almursaleena
20. Moses replied, ‘I was misguided when I did it
21. and I fled from you, when i used to be scared of you; later my Lord gave me wisdom and made me one of His messengers. (Surah 26:20-21)
So Musa addresses the most serious allegation first, He admits that he had committed a crime… He gets the biggest hurdle out of the way first. So He is not a denier of that anymore.
Then he says : and i fled from you, when i used to be scared of you…
Such a beautiful ayah, Musa said: when i used to be scared of you… past tense, He is telling pharaoh that his intimidation technique can’t work because he is no longer scared of him… He is telling pharaoh that his intimidation is not working… SubhanaAllah
The Musa says: later my Lord gave me wisdom and made me one of His messengers.
Now, Remember the message given to Musa : Tell pharaoh that
1. We are both like one messenger from the Lord of the worlds (Coming with the same message)
2. Free the children of Israel…
Musa is not letting Himself get distracted by the Pharaoh, So He comes back to point 1 after dismissing the attempt at intimidation… Pharaoh is trying to change the focus of the discussion (like a typical politician). Musa gets right back on track by reminding him that he has been sent by the lord of the worlds…… Subhanallah
Then Musa continues:
وَتِلۡكَ نِعۡمَةٌ۬ تَمُنُّہَا عَلَىَّ أَنۡ عَبَّدتَّ بَنِىٓ إِسۡرَٲٓءِيلَ (٢٢
22. Watilka niAAmatun tamunnuha AAalayya an AAabbadta banee isra-eela
22. And is this– that you have enslaved the Children of Israel– the favour with which you reproach me?
After addressing Pharaoh biggest accusation, He addresses the other two accusation (He grew up in the household of Pharaoh)… He does so with a focus on the original topic of discussion. He addresses the second part of his message to pharaoh…
Basically He said: So you did a favour to me, does that give you the right to enslave the children of Israel?
He is now questioning the rationale of pharaoh…. What does that have to do with the enslavement of the children of Israel?
He does not move from the point…. He has brought the focus back to the original message he came with…
Now, he has also raised a question on the thinking of the pharaoh by questioning his rationale in front of the audience…. The audience is composed of the chief ministers of Pharaoh..
Now Pharaoh has no other choice but to address the message;
قَالَ فِرۡعَوۡنُ وَمَا رَبُّ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ (٢٣
23. Qala firAAawnu wama rabbu alAAalameena
23. Pharaoh asked, ‘What is this “Lord of the Worlds”?’
Now pharaoh asks: What is this lord of the worlds?
Notice that pharaoh did not say ‘who’, He said ‘what’…
When you say ‘what’, you are implying that this lord does not exist… So Pharoah is trying to make fun of Musa by saying ‘ What is this lord of the worlds?’.
In Ancient Egypt, the pharaohs (past and present) were considered ‘gods’ and they worshipped the sun…
Now Musa is going to go in hard on all their beliefs….
قَالَ رَبُّ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَمَا بَيۡنَهُمَآۖ إِن كُنتُم مُّوقِنِينَ (٢٤
24. Qala rabbu alssamawati waal-ardi wama baynahuma in kuntum mooqineena
24. Moses replied, ‘He is the Lord of the heavens and earth and everything between them. If all of you are seeking to be convinced!’
The pharaohs used to worship the Sun in the heavens and the pharaoh on the earth,
Now Musa is telling them that this lord is the lord of the earth which includes pharaoh and the heavens which includes the sun that they worship. and everything in between. Subhanallah.
Then he addressses the crowd and says: If all of you are seeking to be convinced
He has shifted his focus from just pharaoh to the rest of the audience because they all worship the sun and consider the pharaoh a god. Another insult to pharaoh….
Now musa has addressed the audience…
قَالَ لِمَنۡ حَوۡلَهُ ۥۤ أَلَا تَسۡتَمِعُونَ (٢٥
25. Qala liman hawlahu ala tastamiAAoona
25. Pharaoh said to those present, ‘Do you hear what he says?’
The tables have switched; the balance of power in this conversation has changed… Musa has just challenged all of their beliefs and it seems pharaoh’s people are listening… Pharaoh is getting nervous:
He asks the question to the audience:
‘Do you hear what he says?’
Do you realise what he is saying? Are you listening carefully to what he is saying?
He is trying to alert his people to stay loyal…
Moses continues, challenging more of their beliefs:
قَالَ رَبُّكُمۡ وَرَبُّ ءَابَآٮِٕكُمُ ٱلۡأَوَّلِينَ (٢٦
26. Qala rabbukum warabbu aba-ikumu al-awwaleena
26. Moses said, ‘He is your Lord and the Lord of your forefathers.’
The former pharaohs were regarded as gods, Moses tells them that not only is Allah, the lord of the heavens, He is the lord of the Pharaoh and the lord of pharaoh’s forefathers who they considered gods… wow!!
Not only is he your lord, He is the lord of your forefathers that you consider gods..
He is doing all of these in front of the pharaoh and his audience….. Musa has taken full control of this conversation… the balance of power has shifted.
The audience is listening to Musa, Now Pharaoh says:
قَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَكُمُ ٱلَّذِىٓ أُرۡسِلَ إِلَيۡكُمۡ لَمَجۡنُونٌ۬ (٢٧
27. Qala inna rasoolakumu allathee orsila ilaykum lamajnoonun
27. (Pharaoh) said: “Truly your messenger who has been sent to you is a veritable madman!”
The audience seems to be listening to Musa so much so that Pharaoh refers to Musa as the messenger of the audience… ‘your messenger’ … You are listening to him like he is your messenger. lol… The messenger was sent to pharaoh not the audience but he is unwilling to accept that.
Pharaoh is getting nervous: So he throws another accusation at Musa: He is a Madman…
Now examine this:
The first attack on Musa was
The second attack is
2. The crime
The Third attack
3. His sanity
Musa ignores this accusation and continues:
قَالَ رَبُّ ٱلۡمَشۡرِقِ وَٱلۡمَغۡرِبِ وَمَا بَيۡنَہُمَآۖ إِن كُنتُمۡ تَعۡقِلُونَ (٢٨
28. Qala rabbu almashriqi waalmaghribi wama baynahuma in kuntum taAAqiloona
28. Moses continued, ‘Lord of the East and West and everything between them. If you would only use your reason!’
So Musa says, If you guys apply your intellect and use your reason, what i am saying is very convincing……
Pharaoh gets very upset now and responds:
قَالَ لَٮِٕنِ ٱتَّخَذۡتَ إِلَـٰهًا غَيۡرِى لَأَجۡعَلَنَّكَ مِنَ ٱلۡمَسۡجُونِينَ (٢٩
29. Qala la-ini ittakhathta ilahan ghayree laajAAalannaka mina almasjooneena
29. But Pharaoh said [to him], ‘If you take any god other than me, I will throw you into prison,’
Pharaoh is angry now, his audience is listening to Musa, he is losing the debate and Musa has spoken against all of their beliefs. So He threatens him: If you take any other god other than me i will put you in prison. The literal translation would be “you will be among those that are imprisoned’. This means that there have been people in the past that have been imprisoned in the past for challenging the Pharaoh.
When do you threaten someone? When you can not challenge them intellectually… Pharaoh is losing this debate so he results to threats… The threat at this stage indicates that pharaoh was losing the debate… he had no more arguments…
Then Musa responds:
قَالَ أَوَلَوۡ جِئۡتُكَ بِشَىۡءٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ۬ (٣٠
30. Qala awa law ji/tuka bishay-in mubeenin
30. and Moses asked, ‘Even if I show you something convincing?’
Would you imprison me even if i can show you clear proof? Musa is clever here; He brings a challenge before pharaoh telling him that he has clear proof for him… Pharaoh is too proud to back down from a challenge in front of an audience… If he backs down, it means he admits defeat in front of his people… Pharaoh has been cornered, he has no choice but to accept the challenge…
So He accepts the challenge:
قَالَ فَأۡتِ بِهِۦۤ إِن ڪُنتَ مِنَ ٱلصَّـٰدِقِينَ (٣١
31. Qala fa/ti bihi in kunta mina alssadiqeena
31. ‘Show it then,’ said Pharaoh, ‘if you are telling the truth.’
Pharaoh accepts Musa’s challenge…
Ayah 32 & 33
فَأَلۡقَىٰ عَصَاهُ فَإِذَا هِىَ ثُعۡبَانٌ۬ مُّبِينٌ۬ (٣٢
وَنَزَعَ يَدَهُ ۥ فَإِذَا هِىَ بَيۡضَآءُ لِلنَّـٰظِرِينَ (٣٣
32. Faalqa AAasahu fa-itha hiya thuAAbanun mubeenun
33. WanazaAAa yadahu fa-itha hiya baydao lilnnathireena
32. So Moses threw down his staff and– lo and behold!– it became a snake for everyone to see.
33 Then he drew out his hand and– lo and behold!– it was white for the onlookers to see.
Musa shows pharaoh the clear signs given to him by Allah…
Ayah 34 & 35
قَالَ لِلۡمَلَإِ حَوۡلَهُ ۥۤ إِنَّ هَـٰذَا لَسَـٰحِرٌ عَلِيمٌ۬ (٣٤
يُرِيدُ أَن يُخۡرِجَكُم مِّنۡ أَرۡضِڪُم بِسِحۡرِهِۦ فَمَاذَا تَأۡمُرُونَ (٣٥) قَالُوٓاْ أَرۡجِهۡ وَأَخَاهُ وَٱبۡعَثۡ فِى ٱلۡمَدَآٮِٕنِ حَـٰشِرِينَ (٣٦
34. Qala lilmala-i hawlahu inna hatha lasahirun AAaleemun
35. Yureedu an yukhrijakum min ardikum bisihrihi famatha ta/muroona
34. Pharaoh said to the counsellors around him, ‘This man is a learned sorcerer!
35 He means to use his sorcery to drive you out of your land! What do you suggest?’
In ancient times, if there is a loss of loyalty from amongst your chiefs there could be a coup, Pharaoh sees that his chiefs are amazed by Musa so pharaoh turns to his chiefs and minsters, and seeks their counsel… It is important that your chiefs are kept close.
He makes another accusation ‘He is a learned sorcerer’ haha grin
How can he be a madman and at the same time a learned sorcerer at the same time In the same dialogue, Pharaoh has called Musa a learned sorcerer and a mad man.
He is desperate to find an explanation for something he can not explain…. Does that remind you of people today?
Sometimes you bring irrefutable proof of Islam and someone who sees these irrefutable evidence but is determined to reject faith says… ‘ the prophet must have gotten this knowledge from somewhere’ or ‘Maybe He was actually learned’ and many other ridiculous explanations that have no basis.
These people are following the sunnah of pharaoh….. To reject even when clear evidence is placed in front of you is following pharaoh.
Pharaoh continues: He means to use his sorcery to drive you out of your land!
Now Pharaoh is trying to make his people scared of Musa, scare tactics have been employed for a long time by leaders… Pharaoh has attempted a few things so far
i. First, he tries to insult Musa (disloyalty)
ii. Then he tries to intimidate Him (crime musa committed)
iii. Then he accuses of being a mad man
iv. Threaten him with prison
Now all the scare tactics against Musa have failed so He tries to make the people scared of Musa… If i can not scare Musa then let me scare the people away from following him because if they do, they will be driven out of their land.
Leaders today still use scare tactics to make the people stay loyal. Fear against an enemy brings people together, once you can make the population afraid of a common enemy then you can build unity against that enemy.
The Quran is amazing, stunning literature. You will never read anything in your life that will have the psychological impact on you like the Quran. It is a tragedy that we have reduced this amazing book to shallow translation and quotations.The scholars of the arabs do not have this problem but most of the Ummah does
If people can see the real power in this book , we will be a different ummah and there will be a change in attitudes…
More to come, in sha Allah….