Musa talks to Allah
This is an absolutely incredible story: May Allah help me convey it in the best of ways… We are about to travel to mount sinai… The Story is told in Surah Taha… We would look at ayah 9-21 and show how Allah prepared Musa for Firaun.
وَهَلۡ أَتَٮٰكَ حَدِيثُ مُوسَىٰٓ (٩
Wa-hal “ata-ka hadithu musaa
Has the story of Moses come to you [Prophet]?
Hadith – This refers to a new story; Already aspects of the story of musa had been revealed; A new story is about to be told… This mode of questioning is idiomatic in the arabic language and it implies ‘think well about it’ or ‘take a lesson from this’.
So here Allah is about to tell you a new story and He wants you to think about it and take a lesson from it…
إِذۡ رَءَا نَارً۬ا فَقَالَ لِأَهۡلِهِ ٱمۡكُثُوٓاْ إِنِّىٓ ءَانَسۡتُ نَارً۬ا لَّعَلِّىٓ ءَاتِيكُم مِّنۡہَا بِقَبَسٍ أَوۡ أَجِدُ عَلَى ٱلنَّارِ هُدً۬ى (١٠
“Idh ra-“a naran faqala li-“ahli-hi “umkuthu “in-ni “anastu naranl la-‘alli “ati-kum min-ha bi-qabasin “aw “ajidu ‘ala al-n-nari hudan
He saw a fire and said to his people, ‘Stay here––I can see a fire. Maybe I can bring you a flaming brand from it or find some guidance there.’
So musa is travelling with his family in the dark desert and spots a fire, ( they needed light for their journey so it was dark). Something very interesting in the language… Musa says ‘in-ni “anastu’ which shows an emphasis -(Surely I, I see). This is used in Arabic to convince someone of something. This emphasis shows that Musa is trying to convince his family that he has seen a fire, meaning they didn’t see the fire. So only him could see the fire. This is lost in translation many times.
But it is odd, isn’t it? If you travelling in the dark and there is a fire, everyone should be able to see it but only musa saw it. He has to convince his family that he has seen a fire. Allah made the fire to be seen by only musa so only him comes to the fire. Allah is indicating here that a conversation takes place about whether there was a fire without going into the details… Subhanallah,
Imagine travelling with your family in the desert and you see a fire but no one else sees it but you are certain so you tell them : for sure there is a fire up there, wait here let me get some light for you guys….
SO musa goes off to look for two things; Qabas – flaming brand or Hudan – Guidance for their journey. A fire indicates that there may be people so they could provide them with guidance for their journey or help them with flame…
فَلَمَّآ أَتَٮٰهَا نُودِىَ يَـٰمُوسَىٰٓ (١١
Fa-lam-ma “ata-ha nudiya ya musaa
When he came to the fire, he was summoned, ‘Moses!
The use of ‘lam-ma’ shows that there was a time lapse before Musa got to the fire, it indicates that there was a struggle to get up there; It took a prolonged period for Musa to get to the fire…. So Musa is climbing the mountain, he is putting a lot of effort to get to the fire, remember His family is left alone in the dark so Musa is rushing to get to the fire…
Ironically, Musa is going to look for guidance for his journey but finds guidance for life;
He suddenly hears his name ‘MUSA’… Musa must be shocked…. who could possibly know his name here?…
Imagine yourself after struggling to climb up a cliff, possibly tired and as you approach the fire, all alone, in the middle of the night. And out of no where, you hear your first name ‘MUSA’. No ‘who is there’ or ‘what goes there’ … Your first name… Someone knows who you are… Musa must be shocked..
So What does Allah tell him immediately?
إِنِّىٓ أَنَا۟ رَبُّكَ فَٱخۡلَعۡ نَعۡلَيۡكَۖ إِنَّكَ بِٱلۡوَادِ ٱلۡمُقَدَّسِ طُوً۬ى (١٢
“In-nii “ana rab-bu-ka fa-ikhla’ na‘lay-ka “in-na-ka bi-al-wadi al-muqad-dasi tuwan
“No doubt I am your Lord/Master, take your shoes off. You are in the Sacred Valley of Tuwa.”
Immediately, after hearing his name in this place, he hears a command ‘ I am your master, take off your shoe’. You are in a sacred valley; There is also an emphasis (In-nii) which makes it even more powerful.
A parallel can be drawn to the life of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him), When the Angel came to him; there was a direct command as well :Recite’
Then the ayah:
‘ Recite in the name of your rabb(master, sustainer, owner, nourisher) who created’
Imagine the state of mind of Musa right now;
وَأَنَا ٱخۡتَرۡتُكَ فَٱسۡتَمِعۡ لِمَا يُوحَىٰٓ (١٣
Wa-“ana ikhtartu-ka fa-istami’ li-ma yuhaa
I have chosen you, so listen to what is being revealed
ana ikhtartu – Another emphasis: I, I chose/preferred you … This emphasises that there is no doubt as to who has chosen musa, It is his Master, it creates exclusivity… Allah is clearing any doubts from the mind of musa by the emphasis.
There are three words for ‘chosen’ in the Arabic language:
ikhtartu – (from iKhtiyaar )
Other words that could be used are
So why does Allah use ikhtartu?
ikhtartu – comes from iKhtiyaar which comes from the word khayr (goodness)… It means choosing something because it has goodness.
So essentially, Allah is telling musa that he has been chosen because of the goodness in him…
then Allah says
fa-istami’ li-ma yuhaa
So listen extremely carefully for what is Revealed/Inspired (wahy).
So essentially we have (rough interpretation)
Musa, this is for sure your lord/master, take off your shoes, you are in the sacred valley of Tuwa, It is definitely me and i have chosen you because i see goodness in you, so listen extremely carefully to what is revealed..
Imagine Allah telling you that you have been chosen because he finds goodness in you… So far: Only Allah has spoken
إِنَّنِىٓ أَنَا ٱللَّهُ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّآ أَنَا۟ فَٱعۡبُدۡنِى وَأَقِمِ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ لِذِڪۡرِىٓ (١٤
“In-nan-i “ana Allahu la “ilaha “il-la “ana fau‘bud-ni wa-“aqimi al-s-salata li-dhikri
Surely I, I (am) Allah, (there is) no god except Me, enslave (a’bud) yourself to me / worship me, and Uphold the Prayer for My Remembrance.
This is a beautiful ayah;
After commanding musa and letting musa know he is master, he lets musa know that, He is Allah, there is nothing else worthy of worship and commands Musa to enslave himself to him (obey every command by Allah)
Now Musa knows he is speaking to Allah, who has chosen him because of goodness in him… Wow!! Have you ever met a celebrity? Someone who is really famous…. Do you think you can ever forget? Not only that, He started the conversation with you… Musa just spoke to the master of all that exists and Allah started the conversation calling him by his first name.. wow!!
That is the state, musa is now….
But Allah tells him, if you truly want to remember me, keep up the prayer…. SubhanAllah…It shows how important the prayer is… So even though Allah just spoke to him, the greatest thing that can ever happen to Musa, he might forget sometimes, upholding the prayer would help Musa remember Allah…
إِنَّ ٱلسَّاعَةَ ءَاتِيَةٌ أَكَادُ أُخۡفِيہَا لِتُجۡزَىٰ كُلُّ نَفۡسِۭ بِمَا تَسۡعَىٰ (١٥
“In-na al-s-sa’ata “atiyatun “akadu “ukhfi-ha li-tu-jza kul-lu nafsinm bi-ma ta-s’a
Indeed, the Hour is coming – I almost conceal it – so that every soul may be recompensed according to that for which it strives.
Another reason for uphold the prayer is that there is a judgement coming; Also Allah said he ‘almost conceals’ the Hour; which means that he has given us the signs of it. The messenger (peace be upon him ) gave us some of the signs..
Then Allah says:
so that every soul may be recompensed according to that for which it ran towards. (ta-s’a)
The language here is beautiful; ta-saa means to run to…
People get the reward of what they ran towards, Musa rushed to get guidance for his family but Allah gave him guidance from Himself….. SubhanAllah
فَلَا يَصُدَّنَّكَ عَنۡہَا مَن لَّا يُؤۡمِنُ بِہَا وَٱتَّبَعَ هَوَٮٰهُ فَتَرۡدَىٰ (١٦
Do not let anyone who does not believe in it and follows his own desires distract you from it, and so bring you to ruin.’
More warning for Musa; Imagine the state of Musa, now… He must be terrified; More serious stuff.. Allah has been very direct and tough with him so far… so in the next Ayah, Allah brings down the tone…
وَمَا تِلۡكَ بِيَمِينِكَ يَـٰمُوسَىٰ (١٧
So what is in your right hand O Moses?
You see, Where the name is placed in speech, reflects the tone of the speech..
If Allah had said
Musa, what is your right hand?
It would have been in a commanding tone, rather He says in a soft manner:
So what is in your right hand O Moses?
SubhanAllah, Allah already knows what is in his right hand, the question serves to calm Musa… Allah Spoke with toughness at the beginning and Musa must have been terrified and in awe, After making sure Musa understands, He softens the tone….
قَالَ هِىَ عَصَاىَ أَتَوَڪَّؤُاْ عَلَيۡہَا وَأَهُشُّ بِہَا عَلَىٰ غَنَمِى وَلِىَ فِيہَا مَـَٔارِبُ أُخۡرَىٰ (١٨
Qala hiya ‘asaya “atawak-ka-“u ‘alay-ha wa-“ahush-shu bi-ha ‘ala ghanami wa-liya fi-ha ma-“aribu “ukhra
‘It is my staff,’ he said, ‘I lean on it; restrain my sheep with it; I also have other uses for it.’
Finally Musa gets to talk to Allah, Imagine getting to talk to a very famous person… You want to extend the conversation, Musa is about to speak to Allah:
Musa was simply asked; What is in your hand? Instead of just saying ‘my staff’.
Musa tries to extend the conversation:
He says ‘ It is my staff, i lean on it, restrain my sheep and i have other uses for it’ Allah simply asked what is in your hand….
It also reflects his nervousness at this point…
قَالَ أَلۡقِهَا يَـٰمُوسَىٰ (١٩
God said, ‘Throw it down, O Moses.’
The name at the end indicates that Allah is still being gentle with him…
فَأَلۡقَٮٰهَا فَإِذَا هِىَ حَيَّةٌ۬ تَسۡعَىٰ (٢٠
He threw it down and– lo and behold!– it became a fast-moving snake.
Musa obeyed immediately , the language suggests there was no delay but immediately it becomes a snake…
Wow… Now imagine you are Musa, you are just beginning to calm down… then you throw your staff and see a huge snake moving about… haha
قَالَ خُذۡهَا وَلَا تَخَفۡۖ سَنُعِيدُهَا سِيرَتَهَا ٱلۡأُولَىٰ (٢١
He [Allah] said Grab it! And don’t be afraid. We will return it to its original state.
This one ayah is all of the lesson, Musa needs for pharoah…. The words of Allah are so powerful… we will see how…
Grab it?? imagine you just saw your staff turn it into snake now you have to grab it… Allah could have said ‘ Don’t be afraid, grab it’ like most of us might do if telling a child to do something scary for instance…
But Allah emphasizes Obedience first… Allah expects obedience first. He gives the order first before telling us the wisdom behind it… In this case ‘ We will return it to its original state’ .
Allah taught Moses through this series of commands;
1 – Obey Allah (Pick up the Snake)
2 – Courage (Don’t be afraid) (being brave enough to do it.)
3 – Trust (‘ We will return it to its original state’ ) (in Allah that the snake will not bite him.)
Why is this important?
1.Musa would obey Allah first by Going to Pharoah, – Obedience
2. He must exhibit courage and not be afraid; In Surah Al-Shuara, we see that Musa was afraid they were going to kill him because of the crime he committed
Moses said, ‘My Lord, I fear they will call me a liar, and I will feel stressed and tongue-tied, so send Aaron too; besides, they have a charge
against me, and I fear they may kill me.’ (Surah 26 12-14) – Courage
3. Trust in Allah for the success of his Mission…
All of the lessons for Pharaoh in one Ayat : He [Allah] said Grab it! And don’t be afraid. We will return it to its original state.
Allahuakbar… Subhanallah The words of Allah are stunning