Pray salah with full concentration

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When we are shopping, some items need more of our attentions than others. For example, the ordinary items that we buy, such as a pack of salt or a box of tissue papers, need little or no attention from us. On the other hand, when we need to buy a matching pant for a dress, we use our best judgments to pick the closest match.

Today, praying has become ordinary to us. As a result, we pay very little attention towards Allah while we pray. We start the prayer saying Allahu Akbar (Allah is the Greatest) and repeat it many times throughout the prayer, however, not even once do we realize the greatness of Allah. It is time that we stop taking prayer as an ongoing ritual. Rather, we should have full concentration towards Allah while praying as we do towards the colours and shapes while buying a matching pant for a dress.


الخُشوعُ فِي الصَّلاةِ / Humbleness in Prayer


ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): لا صَلاةَ لِمَن لا يَتَخَشَّعُ في صلاتِهِ.

– The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The prayer of one who does not humble himself in his prayer does not count.’
[al-Firdaws, v. 5, p. 195, no. 7935]


ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) ـ لَمّا سُئلَ عنِ الخُشوعِ ـ: التَّواضُعُ في الصَّلاةِ، وأن‏ يُقبِلَ العَبدُ بقَلبِهِ كُلِّهِ على رَبِّهِ.

– The Prophet (SAWA), when he was asked about humbleness in prayer, said, ‘It is to abase oneself in the prayer, and for the servant to come to his Lord wholeheartedly.’
[Da`aim al-Islam, v. 1, p. 158]


ـ كانَ النبيُّ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) إذا قامَ إلى الصَّلاةِ تَرَبَّدَ وَجهُهُ خَوفاً مِنَ اللّه‏ِ تعالى.

– Ja`afar b. Ali al-Qummi narrated, ‘When the Prophet (SAWA) used to stand for prayer, his face would become sullen from fear of Allah, the most High.’
[Falah al-Sa’il, no. 161]


ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لِيَخشَعِ الرَّجُلُ في صلاتِهِ؛ فإنّه مَن خَشَعَ قَلبُهُ للّه‏ِِ عَزَّوجلَّ خَشَعَت جَوارِحُهُ فلا يَعبَثُ بِشَيءٍ .

– Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Man should be humble in his prayer, for verily he whose heart is humble before Allah, Mighty and Exalted, his limbs will humble themselves too and will not fidget around.’
[al-Khisal, no. 628]


ـ عن عليٍّ صلواتُ اللّه‏ِ علَيهِ أنّهُ كانَ إذا دَخَلَ الصَّلاةَ كانَ كَأنَّهُ بِناءٌ ثابِتٌ أو عَمودٌ قائمٌ لا يَتَحَرَّكُ، وكانَ ربّما رَكَعَ أو سَجَدَ فَيَقَعُ الطَّيرُ علَيهِ، ولَم يُطِقْ أحَدٌ أن يَحكِيَ صلاةَ رسولِ‏اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) إلّا عليُّ بنُ أبي طالبٍ وعليُّ بنُ الحسينِ’.

– It is narrated in Da`aa’im al-Islam that when Imam Ali (AS) used to stand for prayer, he would be like a fixed structure or a straight pillar, not moving at all, and sometimes when he would bow or prostrate,
[he would be so still that] a bird would perch itself on him. Nobody was ever able to match the prayer of the Prophet (SAWA) apart from Ali b. Abi Talib and Ali b. al-Husayn
[i.e. Imam Zayn al-Abidin] (AS).’
[Da`aim al-Islam, v. 1, p. 159]


ـ كانَ أميرُ المؤمنينَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) إذا أخَذَ في الوُضُوءِ يَتَغَيَّرُ وَجهُهُ مِن خِيفَةِ اللّه‏ِ تعالى .

– It is narrated in Bihar al-Anwar that when the Commander of the Faithful, Ali (AS) used to start performing his ablution, the colour of his face would change due to the fear of Allah, most High.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 70, p. 400, no. 72]


ـ كانَت فاطِمةُ (عَلَيهَا الّسَلامُ) تَنهَجُ في الصَّلاةِ مِن خِيفَةِ اللّه‏ِ تعالى .

– It is narrated in Bihar al-Anwar that Fatima al-Zahra’ (AS) used to pant in her prayer due to fear of Allah, most High.’
[Ibid.]


ـ كانَ الحَسنُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) إذا تَوَضَّأ تَغَيَّرَ لَونُهُ، وارتَعَدَت مَفاصِلُهُ، فقيلَ لَهُ في ذلكَ، فقالَ: حَقٌّ لِمَن وَقَفَ بينَ يَدَي ذِيالعَرشِ أن‏يَصفَرَّ لَونُهُ وتَرتَعِدَ مَفاصِلُهُ.

– It is narrated in Bihar al-Anwar that when Imam al-Hasan (AS) used to perform his ablution the colour of his face would change and his joints would tremble. When he was asked about this once, he replied, ‘It is only fitting for one who stands before the Lord of the Throne that his face should change colour and his joints should tremble.’
[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 80, p. 346, no. 30]


ـ كانَ عليّ بن الحسين (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) إذا تَوَضَّأ للصَّلاةِ وأخَذَ في الدُّخولِ فيها اصفَرَّ وَجهُهُ وتَغَيَّرَ لَونُهُ، فقيلَ لَهُ مرّةً في ذلكَ، فقالَ: إنّي اُرِيدُ الوُقُوفَ بينَ يَدَي مَلِكٍ عَظِيمٍ.

– It is narrated in Da`aa’im al-Islam that when Imam Zayn al-Abidin (AS) used to perform his ablution and prepare to begin his prayer, his face would become pale and change colour. When asked about this, he replied, ‘Verily I am going to stand before the Great King.’
[Da`aim al-Islam, v. 1, p. 158]


ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): كانَ عليُّ بنُ الحسينِ صلواتُ اللّه‏ِ عليهِما إذا قامَ في الصَّلاةِ كأنّهُ ساقُ شَجرَةٍ لايَتَحَرَّكُ مِنهُ شَيءٌ إلّا ماحَرَّكَهُ الرِّيحُ مِنهُ.

– Imam al-Baqir (AS) narrated, ‘When Ali b. al-Husayn (AS) used to stand in his prayer, he was as straight as a tree trunk, and no part of him moved except for that which the wind caused to move.’
[al-Kafi, v. 3, p. 300, no. 4]


ـ كانَ أبو جعفرٍ وأبوعبدِاللّه‏ِ( إذا قاما إلى الصَّلاةِ تَغَيَّرَت ألوانُهُما حُمرَةً ومَرَّةً صُفرَةً، وكأنّما يُناجِيانِ شَيئا يَرَيانِهِ.

– Abu `Aayyub narrated, ‘When Abu Ja`afar and Abu `Aabdillah
[i.e. Imam al-Baqir and Imam al-Sadiq (AS)] used to stand to pray, their faces would change colour, sometimes reddening and sometimes paling, and it was as if they were intimately conversing with someone they could see.’
[Falah al-Sa’il, p. 161]


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